Albuquerque was founded in 1706 as a Spanish colonial outpost and military garrison. The town was named in honor of Francisco, Duke of Alburquerque, who was viceroy of New Spain from 1653 to 1660. The town of Alburquerque was built in the traditional Spanish village pattern: a central plaza surrounded by government buildings, homes, and a church, as I described in Day 471, Santa Fe. However, what was the Governor’s Palace in Santa Fe was Casa De Armijo on the site of Don Ambrosio Armijo’s Hacienda, built in 1706 and one of the first homes in Albuquerque. It is now a collection of souvenir tourist trap shops.
The church is San Felipe de Neri Church.
San Felipe de Neri replaced an older church, dating to the founding of Albuquerque in 1706, which collapsed in the winter of 1792–3. Built in 1793, it is one of the oldest surviving buildings in the city.
In the central plaza I found these 2 peasants:
A short distance from the plaza was a Navajo Indian having a book signing, he was a Code Talker in World War II, at the Battle of Guadalcanal.
We also stopped at the Culture Center of Pueblo Indians. Along with their history, some of their dances were demonstrated.