Jim Patton, born February 24, 1953, was a cultural anthropologist (a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans) and craft beer brewer. Considered one of the pioneers in the craft beer brewing industry, in 1986 he founded the Abita Brewing Company in Abita Springs, Louisiana, which we visited.
The company brews its beer with water from the artesian wells in Abita Springs (seeDay 874).An artesian aquifer is trapped water, surrounded by layers of impermeable rock which apply positive pressure to the water contained within the aquifer. A well sunk into an this aquifer would cause the water to rise to a height where hydrostatic equilibrium is reached. This is supposed to be the purist of water (no fish poop).
Tidbit of Information: Artesian wells were named after the province of Artois in France, where many artesian wells were drilled by Carthusian monks from 1126.
Some of us were not wearing proper footwear and therefore had to wear these blue booties.
Gramercy, Louisiana, is one of the small towns near us. It was originally a trading post between the Indians and French settlement. Although settled around 1739, it was not incorporated until 1947.
It’s distinguishing mark today is The Colonial Sugars Refinery. Founded in 1895 by a group of financiers from Gramercy Park, New York, from which the town gains it’s name, the refinery is still in operation and currently owned by Savannah Foods.
Ok, I know, not very picturesque. It’s a slow day.
As you have probably noticed, Barbara is fascinated by churches as we have been traveling around the country. Something about beauty, style, and symmetry.
Since we have been staying in Convent, Louisiana, we have been to Thibodaux a number of times, as it is the only sizable city in the area (and has a Walmart). By “in the area” I mean an hour’s drive.
This necessitates us crossing the Mississippi River.
Barbara has been driving recently, as we are sharing that responsibility. I get to be passenger.
Because of it’s position on the Mississippi River, Thibodaux was an early settlement in the area, and attracted people of many faiths. Therefore it has quite a few churches (I don’t recall seeing any synagogues).
The most notable is St. Joseph Co-Cathedral. The original church was built in 1819, then rebuilt in 1849 and destroyed by a fire in 1916. The present church was begun in 1920, and completed 3 years later. On March 2, 1977 Pope Paul VI established the Diocese of Houma-Thibodaux, and the church became a Co-Cathedral.
I can go over the architect style, but it bores me, so I know it will bore you.
The main feature in the interior is the 34 foot high Baldachin in the apse.
The most curious item in the church was this
which is The Relic of St. Vitalis of Milan.
I do have a question that you might answer. I notice that in some churches, like this one, Christ is depicted on the cross with legs crossed and one nail through both feet.
In other churches his legs are parallel with a nail through each foot. Why the discrepancy?
Down the street was The Calvary United Methodist Church, dedicated to and built by the freed slaves of the Civil War in 1867.
Before the Civil War, there were over 200 plantations along Bayou Lafourche in Louisiana. When I think of Southern Plantations (you never hear of Northern Plantations), I think of Tara, or even Pouché Plantation, where we are staying.
In fact, most plantation houses here are what I refer to as farm houses, that is, not mansions, but houses for everyday people. Such is the case of E. D. White’s Plantation House.
This house is situated on the banks of the Bayou Lafourche near Thibodaux, and was the residence of two of Louisiana’s foremost political figures: Edward Douglass White, who was governor of Louisiana from 1835 to 1839, and his son, Edward Douglass White (what an original name), who was appointed to the United States Supreme Court in 1894 and served as chief justice from 1910 to 1921.
There are 2 ways to get to E.D.’s house, take US 1, that parallels Bayou Lafourche, or boat down the Bayou. Of course, we took the boat.
Edward Douglass White, born March 3, 1795 in Maury County, Tennessee, was the illegitimate son of James White, a delegate to the Continental Congress. He was the tenth Governor of Louisiana. The house was built in 1825 by Guillaume Romain Arcement, born January 6, 1772 in St. Suliac, Bretagne, France, and is an example of Creole plantation architecture. Eddie bought the house and plantation in 1829.
Edward Douglass White Jr. was born in this house on November 3, 1845. Following in his father’s footsteps, he was politician and lawyer. He served in the confederate army during the war. After the war, he was a United States Senator.
In 1894, President Grover Cleveland appointed White as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. In 1910, President Taft elevated him to the position of Chief Justice. White served as Chief Justice until his death in 1921.
Barbara served coffee (made with chicory) and corn bread in the replica kitchen outbuilding.
Tidbit of Information: Do you know what U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice was a former President of the United States? Tune in next week for the answer. Only kidding. It was William Howard Taft. Oddly enough, it was Taft that appointed White to be Chief Justice, and when White died in 1921 it was Taft who succeeded him.
Ah! The good old days, when you could drink water off your roof:
Took a boat ride on the Bayou Lafourche. Although the boat holds 22 people, their was only us and one other person, as a large group that booked did not show.
The word “bayou” is almost exclusively used in Louisiana as it originates from the Louisiania Indian Choctaw word “bayuk”, which means “small stream”.
Bayou Lafourche is 106 miles long and flows from the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico. 1500 years ago this bayou WAS the Mississippi River. During that period of time, because of hurricanes, storms, and flooding, the Mississippi has migrated at some points more than 50 miles, creating 5 distinct deltas. The name Lafourche is from the French word for “the fork”, and alludes to the bayou’s large outflow of Mississippi River water.
Thibodaux is located in south-east Louisiana, about 40 minutes from New Orleans, on the West Bank of the Mississippi River, on Bayou Lafourche. It’s location on the Bayou makes it a logical place for commerce, and therefore the development of a community.
The community was named for Henry Schuyler Thibodaux, Louisiana State Senator, born 1769 of Arcadian parents who were expelled by the British from what is now Quebec, after the defeat of the French in the French and Indian War. Thibodaux received a land grant from the Spanish Governor, who controlled this area at that time, to developed a plantation here.
Upon arriving we were greeted by two dozen Muscovy ducks. They are actually considered an invasive species in Louisiana.
I want to let you know, it was not easy to get one male and one female duck to pose for me like that.
We went on a private tour of Thibodaux, where the ranger pointed out the various historic buildings and the changes in architecture over the last 200 years. For example, the Courthouse was built in 1856, replacing the original one built in 1818. The land was donated by Henry Thibodaux.
After eating cajun cooking at a local restaurant, we went to the Jean Lafitte Cultural Center to listen to a Cajun fiddle player and singer. All the songs he sung were either in the Cajun Dialect or French.
In the audience with us was Frances Martin. She was born on a Plantation not far from here where her father was an overseer. She is a Cajun descendant of the Acadians who were expelled from Canada.
She informed us that at home she was required to speak French. In school, Louisiana law prohibited the speaking of Cajun or French. She runs a bed & breakfast that caters to French and European visitors.
We strolled down Bayou Lafourche, where we are making arrangements to take a boat tour later this week.
We followed the Mississippi River, passing alternating plantation and factory, until we reached Houmas Planation. We were told this plantation, and it’s gardens, were the most lovely along this part of the river.
The name comes from the Houmas Indians who inhabited this area when the first French settlers, Alexander Latil and Maurice Conway, arrived here in 1774. The plantation was part of the Louisiana Purchase, and passed through many hands over the years. The current mansion was built in 1840.
We toured the mansion and surrounding buildings, where we were met by the woman of the house.
It contained some interesting things,
like this voodoo death mask,
This Lincoln carving
was done by Gutzon Borglum, who carved Mt. Rushmore (see day 168)
Complete with spiral staircase
And the usual chandelier
There was a formal dining room
But you had to dress to the nine’s
Dine in the Marie Antoinette tradition
The gardens and fountains were neat
bet those Muslim congresswomen want to have this statute removed.
This is the remains of a southern torpedo boat, built about 1863 to attack the ships of the Northern blockade. I don’t know why it is here.
No frogs on the Lilly pads, but I did find a turtle.
For some reason, turkeys were roaming around.
The grounds contained this 500 year Oak
with birds wandering around
Don’t worry, I won the battle.
We came upon this caged cockatiel, all it would say was “Rita”.
Hope you don’t get behind in the readings of my blog.