Horseshoe Bend, Alabama

Day 802

     Barbara wanted to hike the battlefield of Horseshoe Bend.

     She took along her mule.

     At the beginning of the War of 1812, the Indians who inhabited the area of what is now Alabama, were fed up with the Americans. Numerous treaties had been made and broken by the white man with forked tongue. Although treaties had given the Creek Indians the land where I am now standing, settlers were pouring in and settling on this land. The Creeks weren’t going to take it anymore and began attacking and killing the trespassers.

     Congress sent Colonel Andrew Jackson to command the local militia and Creek Indians loyal to the U.S. His assignment: to remove these troublesome Indians, referred to as ” Red Sticks”, because they painted their war clubs red to distinguish themselves from the creeks who did not want war with the U.S., and make the land safe for settlers. 

     The Red Sticks had their major village, named Tehopekaon the Tallapoosa River. It was built on the land where the bend of the river resembled the shoe of a horse. 

     On March 27, 1814, Colonel Andrew Jackson led troops consisting of American soldiers, Cherokee, and Creek Indian allies, up a steep hill near Tehopeka.

     From this vantage point, Old Hickory, would begin his attack on the Red Stick 400-yard-long, log-and-dirt fortification (where the white markers are now located).

     Jackson ordered the attack. Major Lemuel P. Montgomery charged the breastworks and engaged the Red Sticks in hand-to-hand combat. He was one of the first to storm the Indian barricade, and one of the first to die. This was the first battle (and the last) of the 28 year old Tennessean. A commemorative marker was placed on this battlefield, and Montgomery, Alabama is named for him.   

     Jackson’s 3,000 man army defeated the 1,000 Creek Indians, ending the 2 year war.

      On August 9, 1814, Andrew Jackson required the Creeks sign a harsh Treaty in which the Creek Nation was forced to cede their land, 23 million acres, to the United States government, and leave the area to Oklahoma. Ironically, this applied to the Creek Indians who were loyal to the U.S. as well.

     Jackson was promoted to Major General and sent to New Orleans to face the invading British.